ESTIMULANTE DE MICORRIZAÇÃO EM SOJA ASSOCIADO À ADUBAÇÃO FOSFATADA EM LATOSSOLOS

Palavras-chave: Glycine max (L.). Fósforo. Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares.

Resumo

O uso de estimulantes para o estabelecimento de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares tem grande potencial em contribuir para a absorção de P pelas plantas. Objetivou-se avaliar a eficácia do isoflavonóide formononetina como estimulante da micorrização na cultura da soja, associada a adubação fosfatada, em dois Latossolos com teores de fósforo disponível médio (LPm) e baixo (LPb) no Cerrado piauiense. O delineamento experimental em cada solo foi em blocos casualizados no esquema fatorial 4×4, com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por quatro doses de fósforo (0; 26,66; 40 e 80 kg ha-1 de P2O5) e quatro doses do isoflavonóide formononetina (0; 0,5; 0,9 e 1,8 g kg-1 de semente de soja). As variáveis avaliadas foram, o crescimento, a produção, a nodulação e taxa de colonização micorrízica da soja. Com exceção da taxa de colonização micorrízica no LPm, altura e número de vagens por planta de soja no LPb, as demais variáveis, não foram influenciados pela aplicação do isoflavonóide formononetina, em ambos os solos. A produtividade cresceu linearmente ao incremento das doses de fósforo no LPb, apresentando uma eficiência agronômica de ~15 kg ha-1 de grãos para cada kg ha-1 de P2O5 aplicado no solo.

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Publicado
16-10-2018
Seção
Agronomia