Compartment syndrome suspected in domestic cat after radius and ulna fixation – Case report

  • Lianna Ghisi Gomes Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
  • Paulo Roberto Spiller Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR) Campus Cauamé
  • Marcelo Candido Portilho Gouveia Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
  • Gabriela Morais Madruga Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
  • Arisio Barbosa de Andrade Filho Clínica Veterinária Boa Esperança, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso
  • Roberto Lopes de Souza Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá

Resumo

The compartmental syndrome is a condition, which leads to ischemia and necrosis of the tissues involved, causing, if not identified early severe injuries. We report here the case of a 3-year-old mongrel cat, with approximately 3.2 kg treated at a clinic in Cuiabá-MT, with complete fracture of the proximal radius and ulna in the right forelimb. The patient underwent surgery (osteosynthesis radio and ulna), 36 hours after the surgical procedure were observed signs of the syndrome as the decrease of the temperature 3 cm distal to the fracture, cyanosis, absence of pain and proprioception. Confronted with these symptoms fasciotomy was conducted in attempt to recover the blood perfusion. After 7 days of treatment, it was not possible to reverse the syndrome picture, resulting in amputation of the affected limb. So it is a serious condition, underdiagnosed that has no previous descriptions in the national literature, and when neglected leads in amputation.

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Biografia do Autor

Lianna Ghisi Gomes, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
Mestranda em Ciências Veterinárias (UFMT)
Paulo Roberto Spiller, Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR) Campus Cauamé
Médico Veterinário do Complexo Veterinário da Universidade Federal de Roraima (CVET-UFRR)
Marcelo Candido Portilho Gouveia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
Graduando do curso de Medicina Veterinária (UFMT)
Gabriela Morais Madruga, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
Mestranda em Ciências Veterinárias (UFMT)
Arisio Barbosa de Andrade Filho, Clínica Veterinária Boa Esperança, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso
Médico Veterinário
Roberto Lopes de Souza, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) Campus Cuiabá
Professor Doutor de Clínica Cirúrgica (UFMT)
Publicado
2016-12-07
Seção
Clinical Reports / Casos Clínicos