Physico-chemical and microbiological characterization of ruminal fluid from gastrointestinal contents of Holstein calves in artificial fed milk conventional or fractionated

  • Gercino Ferreira Virgílio-Júnior Instituto de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Eduardo Robson Duarte Instituto de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Laís Trindade de Castro Orenlas Instituto de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Rafael Alves Azevedo Escola de Veterinária, Departamento de Zootecnia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Luciana Castro Geraseev Instituto de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Neide Judith Faria Oliveira Instituto de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Resumo

The fractional artificial feeding has allowed provide an adequate amount of milk to calves in the first weeks of life and restrict at weaning, stimulating growth and favoring better adaptation to diets with forage and concentrates. The aim was to evaluate the ruminal characteristics and gastrointestinal microbiota of dairy calves in different feeding systems. Holstein calves were evaluated in randomly assigned to feed milk conventional that consisted of four liters of milk daily for 60 days or fractionated systems, six liters of 6° to 25°, four liters of 26º to 45º and two liters of 46º to 60º days old. At an end of the experimental period, the animals were euthanized, and approximately 15 mL of rumen, abomasum and intestine contents were collected for physicochemical and microbiological analysis to detection of fungi, protozoa and Enterobacteriaceae. Feeding systems did not influence characteristics of color, odor and viscosity of rumen fluid. The analysis of pH and quantification of Enterobacteriaceae, mycelial fungi and yeast showed no significant difference between treatments at the different sites. The Escherichia and Proteus genus were the most frequent for the gastrointestinal tract for both feed system. However, E. coli was significantly more frequent among isolates from the rumen fluid of calves in conventional feeding, which could suggest an imbalance in this ecosystem. Thus the artificial fed milk systems influenced the genus profile of Enterobacteriacea in the rumen and small intestine of calves.

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Publicado
2016-12-07
Seção
Original Articles / Artigos de Pesquisa

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