Stereology of spix's yellow-toothed cavy brain (Galea spixii, WAGLER, 1831)

  • Ryshely Sonaly de Moura Borges Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Luã Barbalho de Macêdo Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • André de Macêdo Medeiros Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Genilson Fernandes de Queiroz Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Moacir Franco de Oliveira Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido
  • Carlos Eduardo Bezerra de Moura Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Resumo

Spix's Yellow-toothed Cavy is a histrichomorphic rodent of the Caviidae family found in South American countries such as Brazil and Bolivia. It is a widely-used species as an experimental model in research in reproductive biology due to morphological and reproductive characteristics, such as the similarity in the placental development of Galea spixii and human species. However, there are no studies on the behavior of this species or on its brain morphology. Considering the lack of information in the literature about the brain and internal structures of Galea spixii, this study aimed to stereologic evaluate the brain as well as the volumetric proportions of the hippocampus and corpus callosum. Therefore, ten healthy animals were used from the Wild Animal Multiplication Center of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido. The brains were measured in terms of external length, height and width, followed by fixation in paraformaldehyde solution 4% and coronary cuts with a thickness of 4mm and the rostral face of each cut was photographed, with the images being analyzed to determine the volumetric proportions of the required areas. There was no statistically significant difference between the means of volume, length, width and height when the right and left hemispheres were compared, and there was also no statistically significant difference between the volume of the corpus callosum and hippocampus in both hemispheres. The brain of Galea spixii is larger when compared to the rodent Rattus norvegicus. Volumetric differences may be responsible for distinct behavioral aspects between these species.

Biografia do Autor

Luã Barbalho de Macêdo, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Doutorando no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Mestre no programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal - UFERSA

Moacir Franco de Oliveira, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Departamento de Ciências Animais

Carlos Eduardo Bezerra de Moura, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido

Departamento de Ciências Animais

Publicado
21-12-2018
Seção
Original Articles / Artigos de Pesquisa