Anthelmintic and antioxidant potential of banana bracts (Musa paradisiaca) extract in ruminants

  • Monica Tiemi Aline Kakimori Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Rafael Rostirolla Debiage Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Flávio Marcel Ferreira Gonçalves Agrônomo Autônomo
  • Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva
  • Eidi Yoshihara Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA) - Polo Alta Sorocabana
  • Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello-Peixoto Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná-UENP

Resumo

Pharmacological resistance to synthetic anthelmintic drugs is an important barrier to the control of animal parasites. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the anthelmintic action of the hydroalcoholic extract of banana bracts (HEB) at 10%. Concentration. Hatch test and larval migration inhibition test (LMI) were performed. Additionally, the total content of polyphenols, condensed tannins, and flavonoids was determined, along with the antioxidant activity of HEB. In relation to bovine species, HEB at a concentration of 2.5 mg mL-1 inhibited hatchability of nematode larvae by 88%.  The LMI indicated 67.56% inhibition with 5 mg mL-1 HEB. However, in sheep, HEB did not show an influence in either tests. The HEB (10 mg mL-1) had 0.38 mg EAG g-1 of total polyphenols, 372.70 mg EAT g-1 tannins, 0.42 mg RE g-1 flavonoids, and presented antioxidant activity at 43.03% with IC 50 corresponding to 0.2765 mg mL-1. Thus, HEB presents anthelmintic potential in vitro, for the control of verminosis in cattle, in addition to demonstrating antioxidant activity. These results are particularly important for agroecological, organic, and biodynamic systems of animal production, considering that the use of synthetic parasiticides is not allowed in these systems.

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Biografia do Autor

Monica Tiemi Aline Kakimori, Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva / Laboratório de Moléstias infecciosas
Rafael Rostirolla Debiage, Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Departamento de Clínicas Veterinária
Flávio Marcel Ferreira Gonçalves, Agrônomo Autônomo
Mestre em Agronomia pela Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná-UENP
Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello-Peixoto, Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná-UENP

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Laboratório de Controle Parasitológico para Sistemas Orgânicos de Produção Animal do Núcleo de Ensino, Extensão e Pesquisa em Agroecologia, Sustentabilidade e Produção Orgânica - NEPASPLAB

Publicado
2019-03-14
Seção
Original Articles / Artigos de Pesquisa