Occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and its association with ponderal development and diarrhea episodes in nellore mixed breed cattle

  • Bueno da Silva Abreu Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
  • Luanna Chácara Pires Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia
  • Karina Rodrigues dos Santos Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Carlos Syllas Monteiro Luz Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Marcelo Richelly Alves de Oliveira Universidade Federal do Piauí
  • Severino Cavalcante de Sousa Júnior Universidade Federal do Piauí

Resumo

Due to the increasing importance of cryptosporidiosis in animal productivity, this study was carried out to investigate the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and its association with animal weight development and fecal consistency in crossbred Nellore cattle. Thus, fecal samples of 30 cattle were collected biweekly, and their growth was accompanied by weighing animals from birth to 210 days of age (June 2014 to May 2015). The modified Ritchie and Ziehl-Neelsen techniques were used to screen for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts. The chi-square, Fisher exact, Tukey and Spearman’s correlation tests were used for statistical analysis. Oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp. were found in 69 (16.43%) of the 420 samples of cattle feces, and these parasitized animals presented a mean weight gain (4.76 kg) lower than that of non-parasitized individuals (10.58 kg) (p<0.05). The presence of this protozoan was detected in diarrhea and pasty stools (81.78%), indicating an association of the parasite with persistent diarrheal episodes (p<0.001). Among the bovines examined in this study, a higher occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. was observed in lean diarrheic calves, which presented lower weight gain and poor productive performance.

Biografia do Autor

Bueno da Silva Abreu, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco

Discente, Programa de Doutorado Integrado em Zootecnia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, UFRPE, Campus Sede, Recife, PE, Brasil.

Luanna Chácara Pires, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia

Prof., Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, UFSB, Instituto de Humanidades, Artes e Ciências, Campus Paulo Freire, Teixeira de Freitas, BA, Brasil.

Karina Rodrigues dos Santos, Universidade Federal do Piauí

Prof., Universidade Federal do Piauí, UFPI, Curso de Medicina, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Parnaíba, PI, Brasil. 

Carlos Syllas Monteiro Luz, Universidade Federal do Piauí

 Discentes, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Federal do Piauí, UFPI, Campus Ministro Petrônio Portella, Teresina, PI, Brasil.

Marcelo Richelly Alves de Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Piauí

Discentes, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Federal do Piauí, UFPI, Campus Ministro Petrônio Portella, Teresina, PI, Brasil.

Severino Cavalcante de Sousa Júnior, Universidade Federal do Piauí

Prof., Universidade Federal do Piauí, UFPI, Curso de Medicina, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Parnaíba, PI, Brasil. 

Publicado
14-03-2019
Seção
Original Articles / Artigos de Pesquisa