DINÂMICA DA PRODUÇÃO DE RAÍZES FINAS EM FLORESTA TROPICAL SAZONALMENTE SECA ANTE O REGIME PLUVIOMÉTRICO

Palavras-chave: Caatinga. Semiárido. Regime pluviométrico. Profundidade efetiva.

Resumo

Florestas tropicais sazonalmente secas (FTSS) geralmente apresentam estações secas com oito ou mais meses. Frente ao questionamento de resiliência das FTSS às mudanças climáticas desenvolveu-se essa pesquisa objetivando investigar a dinâmica da biomassa de raízes finas ante o regime pluviométrico. O experimento teve início ao final da estação úmida (jul./2015), quando as raízes finas foram caracterizadas e implantados os núcleos de crescimento interno. A dinâmica temporal das raízes finas foi monitorada na camada de 0-30 cm e as subcamadas de 0-10, 10-20 e 20-30 cm por seis coletas no período de nov./2015 a jul./2017. Os indicadores considerados na investigação foram: biomassa de raízes finas, comprimento de raízes finas, comprimento específico de raízes finas, e diâmetro médio das raízes finas. A significância da dinâmica das raízes no tempo e no espaço foram testadas pelo teste Kruskal-Wallis (p < 0,05). Após a separação, as raízes finas (Ø < 2 mm) foram secas em estufa (65 °C) até massa constante. O comprimento das raízes foi determinado pelo software Giaroots.  A biomassa de raízes finas (Ø < 2 mm) em jul./2015 foi de 7,7 ± 5,0 Mg ha-¹ e o comprimento foi de 5,0 ± 3,2 km m-2. A dinâmica das raízes finas em FTSS é fortemente limitada nos períodos secos, ocorrendo perda de biomassa e do comprimento de raízes finas em todas as camadas. A produção de raízes finas ocorre fundamentalmente nas estações chuvosas, com uma rápida resposta de desenvolvimento do sistema radicular à ocorrência de precipitações, principalmente no seu comprimento.

 

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Publicado
2020-05-22
Seção
Ciências Florestais